Read Upotreba čoveka by Aleksandar Tišma Online

upotreba-oveka

Four individuals from a small town in Yugoslavia find themselves among drastically different fates during World War II. Two become Nazis, one joins the Partisans, and one is sent to a concentration camp.Set in Yugoslavia prior to and during World War II, this tale of devastation traces the lives of four friends born in the same small town. They went to school together, tooFour individuals from a small town in Yugoslavia find themselves among drastically different fates during World War II. Two become Nazis, one joins the Partisans, and one is sent to a concentration camp.Set in Yugoslavia prior to and during World War II, this tale of devastation traces the lives of four friends born in the same small town. They went to school together, took dancing lessons, stole kisses, were taught German by an old maid who kept a diary. But when war comes, half-Jewish Vera is sent to a concentration camp while her German cousin becomes a Nazi; Serbian boyfriend Milinko joins the Partisans; and another classmate, also a Serb, becomes fascinated by the magic of killing. Tisma's portrayal of their situation is certainly poignant, but he belabors the obvious in overly melodramatic fashion....

Title : Upotreba čoveka
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 8617121637
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 309 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Upotreba čoveka Reviews

  • Milan Trpkovic
    2018-11-29 08:02

    Nažalost, po drugi put moram da odložim čitanje ove knjige. Ne mogu zbog obaveza i još nagomilanih knjiga da joj se posvetim u potpunosti...a ne želim da se ovoj knjizi posvetim bez pune koncentracije.

  • Richard
    2018-11-26 15:08

    An incredibly bleak book about suffering - so who wants to read that? Do we even need to read something like that? I'm guessing pretty much everyone is already clued in that life is tough and people are the worst (spoiler, Aleksandar Tisma agrees!) so why would anyone want to read this book and voluntarily live through other people's suffering (imaginary - but, still, if the author's doing their job, it's real enough, right?) when we're all dealing with our own? OK, so how about an "incredibly thought provoking bleak book about suffering that might make you examine and understand your own suffering and the suffering around you in a slightly different way?" I guess that's a little more enticing... still, a lot of suffering.Though I went back and worth wildly on The Use of Man, there was never an issue with the writing - it's great, remarkably evocative conjuring and if I'm not always buying the characters, I'm buying the place and the situations, and then I'm buying the characters - and that's what saves it from becoming a J.T. LeRoi cartoonish catalogue of suffering. There are moments of stunning power - like the point mid-way through the novel when Tisma describes the ultimate fate of all the major characters. That's always a bold moment in a novel - the author is basically saying "I know I invited you here for a story, but now that I've got you here there's actually something else I've been meaning to tell you about. But, also, keep listening to the story." The power of the reveal is not from your attachment to these characters, but from the vivid, sometimes horrible, sometimes banal, descriptions of their fates. The Town of Novi Sad is in some ways a more believable character than any of the human beings who are all miserable and self-involved and blinded in their own infuriating ways. In the setting, Tisma re-creates an actual vanished place (even if it still exists at the end, it's not the same place it was in the beginning) where Serbs, Germans, Jews, and Hungarians live together in a precarious balance. It really felt like I was in the town - and, like many of the characters, I wanted to get out. But since perspective shifted so often among the major and minor characters, it was more like I was shadowing them, like a ghost, popping in, watching them as their flawed natures had them make increasingly bad decisions. I was reminded a little of a smaller, much bleaker, less nostalgic version of Gregor Von Rezzori's Czernapol. As WWII develops and the characters move further out from the town the settings remain vivid and the wildly shifting circumstances caused by the war still feel very real and believable.So, back to suffering. The author sets up these sometimes annoyingly self-involved characters basically to show how our self-centeredness and lack of empathy creates suffering for others and ourselves. But the book also goes a step further and considers self-created suffering (as recounted in the teacher's diary that loosely links the stories) versus externally created suffering - someone doing something horrible to you - with the characters wondering which is worse and if one is more valid. For many of the characters these two kinds of suffering are linked - as external traumas become internalized (long after their physical or immediate causes are gone) and work from within to perpetuate the cycle. The teacher's diary is not only a record of the suffering and hopes of a pretty average life, it's also a kind of alien artifact from the vanished time before the war. Its survival of the war has a real effect on the teacher's former students who have lived through so much. With the ultimate fates of the characters revealed mid-way through the book, Tisma places his actual climax, a climax of the ideas he's been playing with throughout the book, at the end, in a scene where two characters are faced with a decision of what to with this artifact. I won't spoil it, but I'd love to hear people thought. *I read the NYRB version of this. As with most of the NYRB books, I'd recommend reading the intro after reading the book to avoid spoilers but, also, to engage directly with Aleksandar Tisma - a real dead person! How often do you get to do that in life, commune with the dead? Don't go through designated spirit medium Claire Messud - grab this ouija board of a book and communicate directly with the man himself and his vanished Yugoslavia. This is not a knock on the intro - well maybe it's a slight knock, because, while ok, it's more of a fannish, "hey check out this writer, he's great, so is this book and his other books, and here are a few spoilers"-type of intro than a really informative analysis of the book's writer, ideas, and environment. Read the intro at the end so you can have your own internal follow-up conversation with Ms. Messud about what she thought. Maybe you should also just read the book before reading this review? Well, it's too late for that.

  • Marko
    2018-11-30 11:00

    Pet zvezdica zbog tematike i zbog najprimerenije moguće kompozicije romanu ovakve tematike, bez koje bi tema ostala nedorečena ili makar nedovoljno naglašena. Tišmin stil je jednostavan, ali i potpuno dijalektički pravilan. Koristeći dnevnik jednog od likova kao baze, gradi se ružna, time i istinita priča o strahotama rata iz perspektive pojedinaca, uz dosta detalja. Neortodoksna kompozicija daje utisak istinitosti, jer nalik stvarnom životu, a nasuprot većini drugih, sličnih romana, saznanja o činjenicama, ali i emocijalno-psihološkim stanjima likova, nisu čitaocu predstavljena uređeno (prostorno, hronološki, po važnosti likova), već na način na koji se najčešće dolazi do znanja, bez reda koji bi stilski lepo izgledao.Preporuka.

  • Maurizio Manco
    2018-11-27 12:05

    "Ombre e voci, e null'altro. Ma c'è su questa terra qualcosa di stabile, qualcosa che resti immutabile e a cui si possa pensare senza dover concludere: anche questo è passato? No, le sembra, non c'è niente di simile. I desideri, le intenzioni volteggiano nello spazio, gli uomini lanciano in esso il loro appello d'amore e i loro lamenti, e tutto si trasforma alla fine in una nebbia che si trascina sconnessa, come un insieme di brandelli, di filamenti stracciati... " (pp. 170, 171)

  • julieta
    2018-12-06 09:26

    What a terrible thing war is. Nobody gets it, it really makes no sense at all. And yet, we live constantly at war. Maybe its just human nature, we don't really get peace. This book is beautiful, and terribly terribly sad, like all books on war, because there is really no way out of the trauma, the terrible stories, the way things change for so many lives before, and after a war.I loved the way Tisma tells the story of three friends, their families, and the way war changed them forever.

  • Andrea
    2018-12-07 11:07

    Treba li spomenuti da sam jednostavno očarana knjigom. Oduševljena sam načinon tj. jednostavnošću pisanja, jednostavnim stilom kojim je opisao strahote rata. Doduše, uspio je na jednostavan način da pokaže psihičko stradanje čovjeka u specifičnim okolnostima. Ne zazire od teških tema, od najsramotnijih i najbolnijih ljudskih osjećanja. Predivna knjiga. Iskreno, smatram da je greška što se ovaj roman ne radi kao redovna lektira u srednjim školama. Odličan pisac moderne srpske književnosti, te još bolji roman.

  • Miloš
    2018-11-18 12:12

    Tišmini likovi su prepušteni klanici istorije. Čak i oni koji imaju za "sreću" da ostanu pošteđeni te klanice, bivaju ništa manje tragični od postradalih. Njima ostaje zaostavština vlastite (tragične) istorije, koje su mrtvi pošteđeni. Oni su do kraja pomireni sa vlastitim udesom. "... sve je to isto i ako je čovek pomiren, ako svaka patnja dobija lik konačnosti". U "Upotrebi čoveka" nema nade u boljitak bilo koje vrste, bilo kolektivni, bilo lični. Čak i kad se pojave slike očekivanja, vedrine, one imaju ulogu samo još jačeg isticanja mraka koji će neminovno uslediti. (Milinkova vera u "Znanje"; Micikina vizija vedre budućnosti; na mesto nacizma, dolazi drugi totalitarizam; Verina slika posleratnog Novog Sada kao logora;)"Nemam nikakve potrebe da pišem o pobednicima; mislim da je svaka pobeda lažna. Samo je poraz istinit, jer je život u krajnjoj konsekvenciji uvek poraz, ukoliko nije od početka do kraja obmana. A mene obmane ne pridobijaju". (1973)

  • Biblionaut
    2018-11-25 14:11

    Tematski jedan od najupečatljivijih romana srpske književnosti, pre svega zbog antropološkog pesimizma koji je doveden do granica. Junaci su svedeni na tela, koja su određena nagonima i istorijskim okolnostima. Duše nema, nema ni slobodne volje, a izbor je samo iluzija. Čovek je još jedan predmet, ništa vredniji od recimo stolice, parčeta papira ili čačkalice za zube. Takvoj viziiji čovečanstva odgovara i stil ovog romana, koji je hladan, poput hirurškog noža precizan, sa diskretnim postupcima očuđenja stvarnosti.U rukama manje spretnog pisca sadržaj je mogao da se pretvori u senzacionalističko-eksploatacijski roman one vrste u kojem čitaoci voajersko-sadistički uživaju. Roman ovakvog zapleta i idejnih težnji zahteva strogu formu, i to je Tišma znao i umeo da ostvari. Jedinstvo između uglačane forme i crnog sadržaja čine Upotrebu čoveka ubedljivim romanom na svakom nivou.

  • Andrew
    2018-12-02 09:02

    Novi sad is a town in Serbian Yugoslavia and in this book we see the effects of the second world war and the subsequent communist partisans takeover post war from the view of three young individuals.The opening is an unusual introduction to the story as pre war a woman who is the trio's German tutor buys a notebook, she then dies and begs Vera ,her pupil, on her deathbed to hide and destroy the book. The story then follows Vera, Milinko, and Sredoje, pre war during the war and post war as we learn of their fates.I found parts of the story incredibly effective, there is one chapter about Vera's experience in the concentration camp which is as hard a read as any I've found about the horror but that is made more distressing by how life treats her after the war.The destruction of individuals and family is well told as the two men move in different directions, Milinko the hard working intelligent son of a brutal father ,full of hope goes to war but his ultimate fate is hard to learn, and Sredoje the son of a nationalist manages to weave I his way through the hostilities. Vera is the fascinating history with an intellectual Jewish father who married the former gentile maid which again gives a picture of how diversity once a norm becomes a danger and splits family.Whilst in parts this book is disjointed in form and requires concentration I was glad that I persevered as it gives a stark picture of the war in Yugoslavia, the terror of the invasion and the effects on individuals. It also provides a snapshot of a diverse society pre war and as the communists post war take over gives some insight into how the creation of a greater state will create renewed horrors fifty years later when the regime of Tito collapsed.Well worth reading.

  • Madeleine
    2018-12-03 14:13

    Very good but very strange book, and while I admired it very much, it was absolutely the wrong thing to read immediately after the 2016 election. Tišma, naturally, is not to blame.

  • Ana
    2018-12-01 08:26

    Una novela muy buena, con un tratamiento de los tiempos bastante arriesgado, pero bien logrado. Merece la pena leerla.

  • Garnette
    2018-12-16 13:00

    The novel follows a group of people living in Tisma's home town, Novi Sad, Serbia, in the years just before, during and after World War II. It is a bleak story. Novi Sad is populated with dysfunctional families and lonely people, sad stories even in peacetime. But the war shatters the community, as young Serbians join the war on opposing sides, families flee the approaching German army, Jews are deported to concentration camps. Many don't survive, but those who do return find their homes occupied by other families. Formerly Serbs, Croats, Hungarians, Germans and Jews all lived together in peace. Now people are divided by the politics of the war and the rise of the Communists, and survivors are haunted by their wartime experiences. Distrust, fear, grief, shame, trauma interfere with normal, human relationships. Those of us who never experienced war are tempted to think that victory marks the end of the war and life returns to normal, at least for the victors. Tisma gives us a broader picture of the human cost of war.

  • Astrid
    2018-11-27 14:06

    The parts about war, feeling separated from society, loneliness etc are very good, but I personally feels it drowns in the focus on lovers, prostitution and sex. The book follows the fates of a group of people mostly before and after the main events of the war, and shows the chaos of society and feelings in the middle of a world that makes no sense to its inhabitants.

  • Vladimir
    2018-12-15 10:17

    Teško za čitati, što zbog tematike, što zbog stila pisanja koji ne priznaje pasuse. Ne razumem baš potrebu za tim, al' ajd. Kroz čitavu knjigu, sve nekako deluje da ide u pogrešnom smeru, i ode, kao što i ume.

  • Jeremy Hornik
    2018-11-24 08:06

    Dark, dark book about WWII and the Holocaust from a Yugoslavian perspective. Somewhat experimental in form. Deaths are told and retold, events told and retold. Not much hope for humanity in here, I'm afraid.